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今天和大家分享的是人教版英语七下Unit12单词mp3/知识梳理/词汇句式精讲,一起学习吧!


Unit12 What did you do last weekend?


Unit12 单词 (音标)


camp [kæmp] v.扎营;搭帐篷

lake [leɪk] n.湖;湖泊

beach [biːtʃ] n.海滩;沙滩

badminton [ˈbædmɪntən] n.羽毛球运动

sheep [ʃiːp] n.羊;绵羊

as [æz] prep.&adv.作为;当作

natural ['nætʃərəl] adj.自然的

butterfly [ˈbʌtəflaɪ] n.蝴蝶

visitor ['vɪzɪtə] n.游客;访问者

tired ['taɪəd] adj.疲倦的;疲劳的

stay [steɪ] v.停留;待

stay up late 深夜不留睡;熬夜

away [ə'weɪ] adv.离开;远离

run away ['rʌnəˌweɪ] 跑开

mouse (pl. mice) 老鼠;耗子

baby ['beɪbi] adj.&n.幼小的;婴儿

shout [ʃaʊt] v.呼叫;喊叫

shout at… 冲……大声叫嚷

woof int.(狗叫声)汪汪

language ['læŋgwɪdʒ] n.语言

fly (flew) v.飞

kite [kaɪt] n.风筝

fiy a kite 放风筝

high [haɪ] adj.&adv.高的(地)

high school 中学

ago [ə'gəʊ] adv.以前

India ['ɪndɪə] n.印度

tent [tent] n.帐篷

put up ['pʊtʌp] 搭起;举起

moon [muːn] n.月亮

surprise [sə'praɪz] n.&v.惊奇;惊讶;使吃惊

get a surprise 吃惊

snake [sneɪk] n.蛇

scared [ /skeəd] adj.惊慌的;吓坏了的

move [muːv] v.移动

shout to… 对……大声喊叫

start [stɑːt] v.开始;着手

jump [dʒʌmp] v.跳;跃

up and down 上上下下;起伏

wake (woke) v.弄醒;醒

wake…up 把……弄醒

into ['ɪntuː] prep.到……里面;进入

forest [ˈfɒrɪst] n.森林

ear [ɪə] n.耳朵


Unit12 知识梳理


【重点短语】

1. last weekend 上周末

2. do one’s homework 做作业

3. go to the cinema 看电影

4. go boating 去划船

5. camp by the lake 在湖边露营

6. go to the beach 去海滩

7. play badminton 打羽毛球

8. on Saturday morning 在周六的早上

9. study for the English test 为了英语考试学习

10. feed some cows 喂一些奶牛

11. work as a guide 做为一个导游工作

12. Natural History Museum 自然历史博物馆

13. butterfly house 蝴蝶馆

14. over 200 kinds ofbutterflies 超过200多种蝴蝶

15. tell sb about … 告诉某人关于…

16. living habits 生活习惯

17. be kind of tired 有点儿累

19. stay up 熬夜

20. play with sb. 和某人玩

21. lose things 丢东西

22. run away 跑开

23. fly a kite 放风筝

24.as a special gift 作为一个特殊的礼物

25. take sb. to sp. 把某人带到某地

26. go camping 去露营

27. put up the tents 搭建帐篷

28. make a fire 生火

29. keep sb. warm 使某人保持温暖

30. on the first night 在第一天晚上

31.so...that... 如此…以至于…

32. go to sleep 去睡觉

33. get a surprise 吃惊

34. see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事

35. jump up and down 上蹦下跳

36. climb onto one’s back 爬到某人背上

37. shout at/shout to 大声喊叫

38 wake …up 把...弄醒

39. move into… 移入,爬进…中

40. a useful lesson 有用的一课


【重点句型】

1.---What did you do last weekend?你上周末做了什么?

---Well, on Saturday, I played badminton.

噢.周六我打羽毛球了。

2. ---Hi,Lisa, How is your weekend?

你好,Lisa,周末过得怎么样?

---Great, thanks.好极了,谢谢。

3.I worked as a guide at the Natural HistoryMuseum.

我在自然历史博物馆当了一名导游。

4.They have a beautiful house withover 200 kinds of butterflies!

它们(指博物馆)有一个漂亮的房子里有200多种蝴蝶。

5. ---Did you have a good weekend? 你周末过得愉快吗

---Yeah, it was good, but I'm kind of tired now, I stayed up late to watchthe soccer game.

愉快,但我现在有点累,我熬夜看足球赛了。

6.Where did she go last weekend?

她上周六去了什么地方?

7. She went to a farm. 她去了一家农场。

8. ---When did he lose them? 他是什么吋候丢的钥匙?

- --I heard it was yesterday.我听说是咋天。

9. As a special gift, our parentstook us to India.

作为一份特殊的礼物我爸妈带着我们去了印度。

10. Well, son,that’s why it's important to learn a second language.

所以嘛,儿子,这就是为什么学习外语的重要性啦。

11. There we put up tents and made afire to keep us warm and cook food on。

在那里我们架起帐篷,生火取暖并做饭。


【写作话题】本单元以过去发生话题,谈论学校旅行及假期生活,描述过去发生的事情及感受。


【写作题目】根据下面提示写短文:上周星期天,刘明贺他的朋友在山脚下野炊。他们中的一些人正在做游戏,一些在跳舞,他们感到很放松。突然,刘明看到一头山羊正在跑。他对此很感兴趣,平且开始追它跑了很长一段时间。当他想起他的朋友们时,他不知道他在哪儿。他迷路了。在那时,一个农夫过来,在他的帮助下,刘明又找到了他的朋友们。他感谢这位农夫平且向你告别。


【优秀满分范文】


Last Sunday, Liu Ming and his friends went for a picnic at the foot of the mountain.

Some of them were playing games. Some were dancing. They felt very relaxed. Suddenly, Liu Ming saw a goat running . He was interested in it and began to run after it for a long time . When he thought of his friends again, he got lost. At that time, a farmer came. With his help ,Liu Ming found his friends again. He thanked the farmer and said "Goodbye” to him


Unit12 词汇讲解


1. last

(1)last 作形容词时,意为“最后的,最末的”或者“紧接前面的,刚过去的”。例如:

Today is the last day in the year. 今天是今年的最后一天。

I didn’t sleep well last night. 昨晚我没睡好。

(2)last作副词时,意为“最后地”,例如:

I’m the last one. 我是最后一个。

(3)last 做动词时,意思是“持续,继续,维持”等,例如:

The hot weather lasted a week. 炎热的天气持续了一周。


2. as

(1)as作介词时意为“作为”,其后多接表示职业、职务、用途、作用之类的名词。例如:

He works as a worker.

他作为一名工人而工作。

I used one of my shoes as a hammer.

我拿我的一只鞋当锤子使。

(2)as还可以作连词,其后多接从句或介词短语。例如:

All the six students do as the teacher says.

所有这六个学生都按照老师说的做。


3. camp

(1)camp 作动词,意为“扎营,搭帐篷”。例如:

We go camping every summer. 我们每年夏天都去野营。

We walked all day and camped by a river at night.

我们走了一天,晚上在一条河边宿营。

(2)camp 作名词,意为“露营地,度假营”。例如:

Let’s go back to the camp, it’s getting dark.

让我们回营地吧,天黑下来了。

We spent two weeks at camp this summer.

我们今年夏天在度假营玩了两周。


4. sheep

sheep 可数名词,意为“绵羊”,它的复数还是sheep;而goat侧重指山羊。例如:

How many sheep are there on your farm? 你们农场里有多少只羊?

拓展:常见的单复数同形的名词还有:

deer (鹿), fish (鱼),

Chinese (中国人),

Japanese(日本人)等。


5. by

by介词, 意为“在……旁边”, 表示位置,相当于beside。例如:

Our teacher is sitting by the window. 我们老师坐在窗户旁边。

拓展:by作介词的其他常见用法:

(1)表示移动方向,意为“经过”。例如:

My mother goes by the building every day.

我妈妈每天从这栋楼旁边经过。

(2)表示方式及手段,意为“用,靠,通过”。

He makes a living by fishing. 他以捕鱼为生。

(3)与交通工具名词连用时,名词前不用冠词,意为“乘、坐、用”等。例如:

I went there by bike. 我骑自行车去那儿的。


6. tired

tired 形容词,意为“疲倦的,疲劳的,累的”,be tired of 意为“对……厌烦”。tired 的反义词是tireless,意为“不知疲倦的”。例如:

He looks tired today. 他今天看起来很累。

She was tired of watching TV. 她看电视看得厌倦了。

拓展:tiring 指“令人困倦的,使人疲劳的,累人的”。例如:

It was a long tiring day. 这一天让人感到又累又长。


7. stay

(1)stay 不及物动词,意为“停留,逗留”,后常接介词短语表示停留的地点。

stay up 意为“熬夜;不睡觉”;stay up late 意为“熬夜,睡的很晚”。例如:

It’s raining outside, so we have to stay at home.

外面正在下雨,因此我们不得不呆在家里。

Do you often stay up?你经常熬夜吗?

(2)stay 可以做连系动词,意为“维持,保持”,其后常接形容词作表语。例如:

The weather will stay fine for several days.

天气将持续几天晴朗。

(3)stay 可以作名词,意为“停留、逗留”。例如:

During my stay in Beijing, I had a good time.

我在北京逗留期间玩的很高兴。


8. shout

(1)shout 作动词,意为“呼喊(叫),大声说,叫嚷”。shout at意为“冲……大声嚷”,方式比较粗鲁;shout to意为“朝……喊”,常因为距离远或者周围嘈杂而喊,目的让对方听见。例如:

She shouted at the old man. 她大声呵斥那老人。

He shouted to the old man. 他大声向那老人喊。

(2)名词,意为“呼喊,叫喊”。例如:

What a terrible shout! 多可怕的叫喊声!


9. put up

put up意为“搭建,搭起”,着重指建造或搭起一个具有一定高度的具体的物体。在口语中set up与build也有此意。例如:

It’s going to rain. Let's put up the tent.

天要下雨了,我们把帐篷搭起来吧。

拓展:put up还可意为“挂起,张贴;举起;抬起”之意。例如:

Please help me put up the picture.

请帮我挂起这幅画。
If you know the answer, please put up your hands.

如果知道答案,请举手。


10. surprise

(1)surprise 作名词,意为“惊奇,惊讶, 惊喜”,作抽象名词时通常不可数,也可以具体化变为可数名词;get a surprise意为“吃惊”。例如:

He gave me a surprise by arriving early. 他的早到让我吃惊。

(2)surprise 作动词,意为“使……吃惊/震惊”,后面常接人作宾语。例如:

The news surprised us greatly. 这条消息使我们大为吃惊。


11. move

move的用法比较多,现总结如下:

(1)move可作及物动词,意为“移动、搬动、使改变位置(或姿势)”。例如:

He moved the sofa to the left. 他把沙发移到左边。

(2)move作及物动词,还可意为“感动、鼓动、激动”。例如:

The speech moved them to tears.

那场演说把他们感动得落泪。

(3)move还可作不及物动词,意为“离开、动身迁移、搬家”。例如:

He moved his family to a smaller house.

他把家搬到一个较小的房子里。

注意:

搬到某地常用move to + 地点,但当副词作地点状语时,此时可省略掉to。

拓展:

move house搬家

move to Paris搬到巴黎

move in搬进,迁进

move on 继续前进


12. wake up&wake…up



练一练:

Ⅰ. 英汉互译。

1. 大声叫嚷__________

2. go to the cinema__________

3. give back________

4. 周末愉快_________

5. 当导游__________

6. kinds of________

7. 打羽毛球_________

8. 跑开_________

9. go boating

Ⅱ. 根据句意、汉语意思或首字母提示补全单词。

1. He works in a factory a______ a manager.

2. He was taking a walk in the park when he heard the s______ “Help! Help me!”from the lake.

3. What time do you w______ up every day?

4. The children p______ up a tent by the river.

5. Where did you go l______ Sunday?

6. She was so badly hurt that she couldn’t m______ any longer.

7. We went to the b______ yesterday, and I saw the beautiful sea.

8. My father can speak three l________.

9. There are some tigers in the f_______.

10. The m_______ in the old house are noisy at night.

Ⅲ. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. They went ______ (camp) last weekend.

2. There are a lot of ______ (visit) in Beijing.

3. I was very_______ (surprise) at the news.

4. He is much too _____ (tire) after hard work.

5. Did you ______ (stay) up late yesterday?

6. How many ______ (sheep) are there on the farm?

7. Last Sunday, we ______(visit)our aunt and ______ (have) a good time.

8. There ______ (be) a telephone call for you two minutes ago.

9. He ______ (see) an old man in the yard when he came in.

10. What ______ you _______ (do) last Sunday?


参考答案:

Ⅰ. 1. shout at 2. 去看电影 3. 把……送回去

4. have a good weekend 5. work as a guide

6. 各种各样的 7. play badminton 8. run away

9. 去划船

Ⅱ. 根据句意、汉语意思或首字母提示补全单词。

1. as 2. shout 3. wake 4. put 5. last

6. move 7. beach 8. languages 9. forest 10. mice

Ⅲ. 用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。

1. camping 2. visitors 3. surprised 4. tired 5. stay

6. sheep 7. visited, had 8. was 9. saw 10. did, do

Unit12 重点句型解析


1. How interesting!

这是一个感叹句,感叹句是用来表达喜怒哀乐等强烈情感的句子。感叹句一般用how或者what开头,句末加感叹号。what修饰名词,how修饰形容词或副词。具体句式如下:

(1)what引导的感叹句:

1)What a(an)+形容词+可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语!

What a clever boy he is!多么聪明的小男孩啊!

2)What+形容词+可数名词的复数形式+主语+谓语!

What interesting books the children are reading!

孩子们读的书多么有趣啊!

3)What+形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语!

What cold weather it is!多冷的天!

(2)how引导的感叹句:

1)How+形容词或副词+主语+谓语!

How lovely the baby is!这孩子真可爱!(lovely为形容词)

How fast he runs! 他跑地多快啊!(fast为副词)

2) How+形容词+a(an)+可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语!

How heavy a box they are carrying! 他们抬的箱子多重啊!

3)How+主语+谓语!

How time flies! 时间过得多快!


2. -Who visited her grandma?

-Becky did.

本句的答语中的did是用来代替上文中的动词visited的。英语中为了避免不必要的重复,经常用do, does, did, so等来代替前面的动词或相关内容。例如:

-Do you like music? 你喜欢音乐吗?

-No, but my father does. (does= likes music)不,但是我父亲喜欢音乐。

-Do you think he is clever? 你认为他聪明吗?

-I think so.(so 代替he is clever)我认为如此。

-Did you pass the exam? 你通过考试了吗?

-No, but my friend Lily did. (did等于passed the exam)

没有,但是我的朋友Lily通过了。


3. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early.

这句话的意思是“我是如此的累,以至于我很早就睡了。”;so… that…的意思是“如此……以至于……”,它引导结果状语从句。在口语中,so…that…的that常被省去。例如:

She felt so sad that tears came to her eyes.

她非常悲伤,泪水盈眶。

John was so drunk(that)he could not stand still.

约翰醉得站也站不住了。

He spoke so rapidly(that)we could hardly follow him.

他说得很快,我们很难听清楚他在说什么。


4. This was a very useful lesson for me.

这句话的意思是“这对我来说是个很有用的教训。”。lesson在本句中意为“教训,经验”,是可数名词。teach sb. a lesson表示“给某人一个教训”。learn a lesson意为“得到一次教训”。例如:

That accident taught them a lesson. 那次事故给了他们一个教训。

You should teach him a lesson. 你应该教训他一顿。

拓展:lesson作名词时还可以表示“功课,课”,多用复数形式,也可以指具体的“一堂课,一节课”,多用单数形式。例如:

She gives the children lessons in music.

她给孩子们上音乐课。

They usually have four lessons in the morning.

上午他们通常有四节课。


5. Not really, but I visited my sister.

really是副词, 在此与否定词连用,起减弱语气的作用。not really意为“没有,没什么,不怎么”等,相当于not very much. 例如:

I don’t really agree with that. 对此我不太赞同。

-Did you enjoy that movie? 你喜欢那部电影吗?

-Not really. 不怎么喜欢。

拓展:

(1)really单独使用时,表示感兴趣或疑问、惊讶、恼怒等语气。例如:

-My grandfather bought me a new bike. 我外祖父给我买了一辆新自行车。

-Really? 真的吗?

(2)用于形容词或行为动词之前,表示强调,意为“真的,的确,确实”。例如:

She is really beautiful. 她的确很漂亮。

I really like English. 我真的喜欢英语。


练一练:

Ⅰ. 根据对话内容补全对话。

A:You look 1

B:Yes,I am. I had a 2 busy weekend.

A:Did you play 3 games?

B:Yes,I 4 .On Sunday morning,I 5 soccer on my computer.Then 1 watched a volleyball match.

A:Where did you 6 it?

B: 7 TV.

A:Great.And what did you do on Sunday night?

B:I 8 to music at midnight.

A:It 9 fun.

B:Yes,but a 10 tired.

Ⅱ. 句型转换,每空一词。

1. They went to Beidaihe on vacation. (改为一般疑问句)

_______ they ______ to Beidaihe on vacation?

2. He did his homework after school. (改为否定句)

He ______ _______ his homework after school.

3. My family visited Hangzhou last summer. (就划线部分提问)

_______ ________ your family _______ last summer?

4. I cleaned my room last Sunday.(就划线部分提问)

______ did you _____ last Sunday?

5. She was at home yesterday. (改为否定句)

She ______ at home yesterday.

6. How excellent the teacher is! (改为同义句)

_______ ________ ________ teacher he is!

7. My weekend was great. (对划线部分提问)

_______ _______ your weekend?

8. I played basketball on Sunday morning. (对划线部分提问)

______ ______ you _______ basketball?

9. Her father bought a car yesterday morning. .(对划线部分提问)

______ ______ a car yesterday morning?

10. Gina played the guitar last weekend.(就划线部分提问)

_______ _______ Gina ______ last weekend?

Ⅲ. 根据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。

1. 他们正在湖边散步。

They are taking a walk ______ ______ ______.

2. 你不能向老师大喊大叫。

You can’t _______ _______ your teachers.

3. -谁把窗户打开的?-莉莉。

-______ opened the window? -Lily_____.

4. 对大多数女生来说,数学有点难。

______ _______ girls, math is a little _______.

5. 许多人喜欢在春天放风筝。

Many people like to _______ _______ in spring.

6. 他上周日做了些什么事?

What ______he ______ last Sunday?

7. 我昨天开了一个聚会,很成功。

I _______ _______ ________ yesterday. It _______ great.

8. 这件事对我来说是个很好的教训。

This thing was a very ______ _______ for me.

9. 你喜欢这本书吗?不怎么喜欢。

-Do you _______ this book? -______ ______.

10. 这个箱子是如此的沉,以至于我搬不动它。

The box is _______ _______ ________ I can’t move it.


参考答案:

Ⅰ. 补全对话,每空一词。

1.tired 2.very 3.computer

4.did 5.played

6.watch 7.On 8.listened

9.sounds 10.little

Ⅱ. 句型转换,每空一词。

1. Did, go 2. didn’t do 3. Where did, visit

4. What, do 5. wasn’t 6. What an excellent

7. How was 8. When did, play

9. Who, bought 10. What did, do

Ⅲ. 根据汉语意思,完成句子,每空一词。

1. by the lake 2. shout at 3. Who, did

4. For most, difficult 5. fly kites 6. did, do

7. had a party, was 8. useful lesson

9. like, Not really 10. so heavy that


写在最后


期待同学们在下方留言“每日打卡”,让我看到你们的坚持!同学们需要哪些学习资料可以在下方留言告诉我哦~